TechRadar has you covered Now, if you're my father, you would delete everything and complain about stuff missing later. In order to be smart about this procedure, it is very wise to do a backup of your computer with all of your files. You will want to back up your files so that this process is easy.
Now, I am going to show you how to install Linux using Ubuntu, but any of these distributions will have not-the-same-but-similar steps of installation. To make a USB Disk there is an application you will need to download, and you will need to download the. ISO image of the Linux Distro. Again, I'm choosing Ubuntu but you can choose any one.
If you are on a Windows computer, you will need to download Pendrivelinux , and if you are on a Mac OS X computer you will need to download UNetbootin.
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Upon booting you will be able to try Ubuntu Linux before Installing. If you would like to play around, try it, but click Install Ubuntu when ready. Click on the Install Updates when installing.
Choose Erase Disk and Install Ubuntu. This will delete your hard drive and install Ubuntu on a freshly formatted hard drive. Click Install Now and Continue to confirm. If in doubt, consult an online manual for your motherboard. Ordinarily you'll need to find a category called "Boot" where you'll see the order your PC looks for devices to boot from.
Click on the top or first option and change it to USB. While you're here, I recommend disabling "Secure Boot. Made it this far? Now hit "F10" and select "Save settings and reboot. When you boot up your system again you should see a text menu with the options to try or install Ubuntu.
For now, let's take it for a test drive. It's optional, but it will get you familiar with the layout and user interface, see if your WiFi adapter is detected and check if things like resolution and graphics cards are working properly. Don't worry about messing anything up here. Have a look around, browse the Software Center and get to know the Settings menus. While you're in Settings you can connect to your Wireless network, connect Bluetooth devices and adjust your display options among many other things.
If you set up "persistence" during the UNetbootin portion of this guide, you'll be able to reboot and have all your settings saved. Sidebar : Ubuntu ships with graphics drivers for AMD Radeon cards, and will automatically install a basic, open-source driver for your Nvidia GeForce card. For basic graphics acceleration you shouldn't need to do anything more out of the box. I'll get into more detail in the next guide which focuses on gaming including playing some of your favorite Steam for Windows games! Ready to roll?
If you're just booting up, select "Install Ubuntu. Installing Linux is so much easier than it used to be, so most of this will be straightforward. Just in case, I've tried to capture and represent each basic step. Select keyboard layout you can add additional layouts at any time. In the opening screens you'll choose your language and a keyboard layout, which you can change or add to at any time.
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Then you'll connect to your wired or wireless network. A wired network ethernet cable will be automatically detected and initialized, but you'll need to choose your Wireless network name and enter a password. Getting connected now means you can download security and feature updates while Ubuntu is installing. At its core, Linux supports a large number of wireless adapters and they're normally detected without issue.
If yours isn't, you have many options after the installation, including using a Windows driver! It's a bit outside the scope of this guide, though. If you need help, check here first.
Then holler at AskUbuntu on Twitter or explore www. So far so good? Now we're going to add a variable or two to the installation process. First, select "Normal" at the top for the fully featured experience. Most users coming from Windows aren't going to want a minimal installation. If you have an internet connection check the box to download updates while installing.
And definitely check the box that says "install 3rd-party software. Some PCs will have a Secure Boot option here. If so, Ubuntu will ask you for one-time password that you'll enter here, and then again when your system reboots. Don't worry, the OS will tell you when it's going to happen and instruct you what to press.
It'll be during your first post-installation boot. Sidebar : What is Secure Boot? It's basically a verification system that makes sure code launched by firmware is trustworthy. A lot of systems shipped with Windows on it have pre-loaded keys that indicate trusted hardware vendors and software providers. When you install some third-party drivers on Linux, Secure Boot will need to be turned off.
To the best of knowledge these third-party drivers don't pose any risk, but it's a necessary step. If you're interested in learning more, check out this Wiki. Now the part that makes people nervous: where to install Ubuntu. Depending on your system's configuration, you'll be presented with a couple core options. Do you want to install Ubuntu alongside Windows, or erase a disk entirely for Ubuntu? Remember that you if you choose to dual-boot Windows on a single disk, you can choose which OS to load during boot.
Want to erase a disk and have Ubuntu do the partitioning for you? For erasing a disk, you'll get to choose which disk in the following screen. If you have that spare drive installed, just choose that and let Ubuntu do all the heavy lifting and auto-partitioning. Now, both the above options are equivalent to pressing the easy button.
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Ubuntu will automatically partition your drive. If you're opting for either of the above, I'll see at Step 5! It means you have full control over your hard drive s here. You can delete your Windows install, resize partitions, erase everything on all disks. So proceed with caution.
On the plus side all the changes you make won't be executed until you click Install. You can always go back or start over. The example I'm going to use is a system with two drives. One has Windows on it, and I want to leave it untouched. The other is blank. Partition Manager during Ubuntu setup. Be careful here. The above example might make your eyes water, and I felt the same way the first few times.
Are you SURE you don't want to just erase your disk and avoid all this? Just kidding! So what do all these letters and numbers mean? Time for a.
Sidebar : Here's how Linux identifies devices. In Unix "sd" indicates a block device that can carry data. Then it identifies them alphabetically in the order they're discovered. Finally, the number 1, 2, 3 indicates the partitions. Think of them as slices of a pie. You can use one entire drive without doing anything to it. Or you can divide it into partitions -- logically but not physically separating them. One of my 2TB drives is divided into 1TB partitions. The 2nd partition is just for Steam game installations, so even if I reinstall an operating system, that part of the drive remains intact and loses no data.
With Linux, partitions are necessary. Knowing that, you "Something Else" adventurers will need to add about 4 partitions to your extra drive. I'm going to take you through it step-by-step. Identify the drive you want to install Ubuntu to. First, identify the drive you want to install Ubuntu to. I know that it's "sdb" because it lists 1TB of free space and there are no partitions.
Create a "Swap Area" partition. Swap is a small space on the drive that is used like system memory RAM. The EFI partition is where the boot loader is installed and tells your PC which operating systems can be booted.
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Sometimes you can install it to your Windows drive, and you'll notice there's a drop-down menu to choose where that happens. If you're asked to create one, just follow the same procedure as all other partitions. Make it MB. Create a Root partition with the EXT4 filesystem. Next let's create our "root" partition using the Ext4 filesystem. Fun fact: the Ext4 filesystem supports volumes up to 1,,, GB!
The root partition is the top-most directory of the drive and Linux won't work without it. For its size, you can use the remaining space on your drive which should be automatically inserted. It's very easy to back up or transfer to another Ubuntu installation, so I choose to use only the Swap and Root partitions. As a relative beginner I'm happy to have my mind changed!
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